Joint Anatomy

At our office of orthopedic surgery, we know that one of the key components to ongoing health is being well-informed. When you know what keeps you healthy, you make healthy choices. We believe that educating our patients is the best way to help them make informed decisions regarding their knee or hip replacement.

Knee Joints

knee anatomy, knee replacement

When your knee is healthy, it functions as a hinge joint that lets you run, play, bear weight, and remain mobile in your daily life. This important joint is made up of three bones: the femur (thighbone), the tibia (shin bone), and the patella (kneecap) which protects the joint like a helmet.

Osteoarthritis and other joint problems can cause pain and stiffness in your knee and leave you less active than you’d like. When discussing knee replacement surgery options with your orthopedic surgeon, ask whether you will need full or partial knee surgery. Dr. Gibson specializes in ligament sparing knee surgery, which protects your ACL and allows a natural range of motion and fast recovery after the operation.

Hip Joints

As one of the largest weight-bearing joints in your body, your hips are necessary for completing many of your everyday activities. This makes hip joint health a high priority, especially for those suffering from rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis. Your hip is a “ball and socket” joint, where the ball-shaped femoral head locks into a rounded socket (acetabulum) in your pelvis.

hip anatomy, hip replacement

Since the muscles and tendons of your hips play a large role in maintaining the stability of your hip joint, post-surgical recovery can become complicated. Anterior total hip replacement surgery was developed with the goal of minimizing damage to critical connective tissue in mind. With the help of anterior hip surgery, Dr. Gibson is one of the first surgeons in Michigan to have performed outpatient hip joint surgery. Many of his patients can leave the hospital on the same day they undergo their procedure.

Articular Cartilage

Articular cartilage is the smooth, durable padding between joints that enables them to move easily. Without this cartilage, the bones in your joints would rub together, causing erosion and pain. Unfortunately, your body has a limited amount! Once it wears out it cannot grow back-- this is when joint replacement surgery and other medical procedures become indispensable for maintaining your continued quality of living. Through joint reconstruction and joint replacement surgery, the pain from damaged cartilage can become a thing of the past.

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